Have you ever experienced gingivitis or gum disease? Whether you’re noticing inflamed, bleeding gums for the first time, or have a history of gum-related problems, your first priority is getting back to normal. And we’re here to help. By boosting your gingivitis awareness, you can take action when you first notice signs of a problem - and prevent it from progressing to a more serious infection.

There is one catch - for some patients, gingivitis doesn’t show the kinds of symptoms that they’ll be able to notice on their own. This is one of the many reasons why you should visit your dentist regularly. For patients who fall into high risk categories mentioned below, that interval may even be more than twice a year. If you’re not sure how often you should be scheduling exams, just get in touch for guidance.

Before your next appointment, learn more about the signs of gingivitis and how to protect your healthy gums at home - we’ve put together a guide below.

Stages of Gum Disease

This post is focusing on gingivitis, which is the first stage of gum disease. But it doesn’t have to progress to full-blown periodontal disease - and with some home care, you can actually reverse gingivitis.

Gingivitis takes hold when plaque that has gathered on your teeth begins to irritate the gum line. Your gums typically become inflamed, tender, and may take on a deep reddish or purple tone. If the source of irritation (the plaque) is removed, then the gingivitis will fade and your gums will heal. But if the plaque persists, your gums may become infected and progress to periodontitis.

Gingivitis Risk Factors

  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Tobacco use
  • Diabetes
  • Aging
  • Compromised immunity stemming from other conditions
  • Some medications (ask your doctor if you’re uncertain)
  • Certain viral and fungal infections
  • Dry mouth
  • Hormonal fluctuations related to puberty, pregnancy, menopause, or the use of birth control pills
  • Poor nutrition
  • Alcohol or drug abuse
  • Ill-fitting dentures, partials, or other removable restorations

If you fit into a number of these categories, talk to your dentist about receiving the most appropriate care.

How Do I Tell If Have Gingivitis?

Unfortunately, gingivitis symptoms can be very difficult to recognize to the untrained eye. It’s crucial that you keep a close eye on what your teeth and gums are telling you. Check in with your mouth from time to time - take a closer look at your teeth and gums after brushing or flossing. Look for the signs mentioned below, especially if you fall into one or more of the risk categories.

We’ve mentioned a few of these symptoms above, but it’s always handy to have them all in one place.

  • Gums that bleed easily, when touched or when brushing or flossing
  • Gums that are dark red or purple
  • Swollen gums
  • Tender gums
  • Gums pulling away from teeth, with pockets forming
  • Persistent bad breath
  • A bad taste in the mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Changing bite
  • Changing fit of partials or dentures

Taking Great Care of Your Gums Each Day


If you’re noticing the symptoms we mentioned, it’s not too late - you can even take action at home. But we do recommend that you schedule a dental exam so that we can offer personalized guidance and remove plaque and tartar from your teeth.


As soon as you notice signs of gingivitis, start doing the following:

  • Boost your brushing and flossing - The primary cause of gum disease is poor oral hygiene leading to plaque buildup. Make sure you’re brushing and flossing often and effectively. Refresh yourself on brushing and flossing techniques to help, and set a reminder on your mirror or phone if you tend to overlook oral hygiene.
  • Try out new dental products - An electric toothbrush or floss holder might help you clean more thoroughly and prevent plaque buildup. Ask us if you’re looking for personalized recommendations.
  • Try a mouthwash - An antiseptic mouthwash could help you remove harmful bacteria on a regular basis. This may be helpful for on-the-go cleaning during the day.
  • Eat healthy - It’s important to get fresh fruit and vegetables for many reasons - and staving off gum disease is one of them.

Gingivitis Treatment Seattle | Seattle Gingivitis Treatment | Tips for Healthy Gums
Dr. Kim Dr. Kim

Dr. Kim Okamura

I'm Dr. Kim Okamura and this blog is a product of my love of dentistry. I dedicate it to all the patients I have served so that they may better understand my craft. The information here will give you and others the power to maintain and protect one of your most priceless gifts ... your SMILE.